Medical Courses – Courses Eligibility, Subjects, Colleges, Admission Process, Syllabus, Fees, Eligibility & Jobs

Medical Courses – Courses Eligibility, Subjects, Colleges, Admission Process, Syllabus, Fees, Eligibility & Jobs

Medical & Health Science

What is Medical & Health Science Profession?

The medical profession is one of the most aspiring career dreams of many people. The profession demands a high intensity of accuracy and responsibility as it deals with human lives. One of the fastest-growing industries in India, career options are innumerable in this field. If you have done any of the UG, PG, Diploma, or certification courses, you can look for a bright career with lots of opportunities on diverse profiles available in government or private hospitals, clinics, health & research centers, laboratories, pharmacies, and pharmaceuticals companies.

Medical and Health science professionals are always high in demand in developing countries like India to provide proper healthcare assistance to the vast population. We have seen the significance of medical professionals during the current pandemic situation. Their dedication and 24X7 service have proved the seriousness and promptness this profession requires.

To become successful in the medical and health science field, it is essential for you to have the required skill set, degree, and specialization in the particular field by going for post-graduation and research studies in medicine.

Key Skills Required for Medical & Health Science

Let’s find out what are the important skills you must need to build a successful medical career. Some of the must-have skills are mentioned below:

Patience and PerseveranceDetail OrientedScientific Research and Development Skills
Counselling & Communication SkillsCaring & EmpatheticPositive Outlook
Committed to Medical EthicsStress Management SkillsReceptive Attitude
Quick decision-makerPunctualHard-working

Medical & Health Sciences Courses and Eligibility

To pursue a career in medicine and health science, one must have a degree in medical specialization. The courses offered under Medical and Health Science are – MBBS, BDS, BPharm, BSc in Nursing, Public Health, Bachelor in Optometry, and more specializations.

Under Graduate Programmes:

ProgrammeDurationEligibility
B.D.S.

5 years (4 years +
1-year internship)

  • Minimum of 50% in the 10+2 qualifying examination
  • Must study the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology compulsorily in 10+2
  • Admission is based on the result of NEET
B.Sc. Nursing

4 Years

  • 10+2 or equivalent qualification with English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology or Botany & Zoology having a minimum aggregate of 60% in science group.
Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)

4 Years + 6 months internship

  • 10+2 or equivalent examination completion with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as compulsory subjects.
Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm)

4 Years

  • 10+2 with mandatory subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics with 50% aggregate marks or equivalent CGPA
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)

4 Years + 6 months internship

  • 10+2 or its equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry and Biology having a minimum aggregate of 60% in science group.
Bachelor of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP)

3 years +
1-year internship

  • 10+2 with a minimum 50% aggregate in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  • Age 17 Years or above as on 31st December of the Year of admission and shall not be older than 25 Years on the 1st July of the Year of admission.
Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom)

3 years +
1-year internship

  • 10+2 or equivalent qualification with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics / Biology / Botany and Zoology with a minimum aggregate of 60%.
B.Sc Medical Imaging Technology (B.Sc MIT)

3 years +
1-year internship

  • 10+ 2 or equivalent qualification with Physics, Chemistry, English, Biology / Botany & Zoology with 50% in aggregate.
B.Sc Renal Dialysis Technology

3 years +
1-year internship

  • 10+2) or equivalent qualification with Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Botany and Zoology with a minimum aggregate of 50%.
B.Sc Medical Laboratory Technology (B.Sc MLT)

3 years +
1-year internship

  • 10+2) or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology / Botany & Zoology.
B.Sc Nursing (Post Basic)

2 Years

  • 10+2 from a recognised board preferably in Science stream
  • Should be registered as Registered Nurses and Registered Midwives
  • Should possess a three-year diploma in General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM)
M.B.B.S

4 1/2 years +
1-year internship

  • 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry & Biology and score minimum 50% marks.
  • Age should be between 17 years to 25 years.
  • Eligible NEET (UG) score as prescribed by MCI.

Post Graduate Programmes

MD

Respiratory Medicine; Radiodiagnosis; Anaesthesiology; Paediatrics; Psychiatry; Microbiology; General Medicine; Community Medicine; Biochemistry; Physiology; Pathology; Pharmacology; Dermatology; Venerology and leprosy; Anatomy

3 years

  • MBBS or its equivalent degree recognized
    by Medical Council of India
  • Eligible NEET PG Score as prescribed by MCI.

MS

General Surgery; Obstetrics & Gynaecology; Orthopaedics; Otorhinolaryngology (ENT); Ophthalmology

3 years

  • MBBS or its equivalent degree recognized by the Medical Council of India
  • Eligible NEET PG Score as prescribed by MCI.

M.D.S. (Master of Dental Surgery)  

Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics; Oral Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic Odontology; Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; Orthodontics &Dento Facial Orthopedics; Periodontics; Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge; Public Health Dentistry; Oral Medicine & Radiology; Paediatric & Preventive Dentistry

3 years

  • B.D.S. or its equivalent degree recognized by the Dental Council of India
  • Eligible NEET PG Score as prescribed by MCI.
M.Sc. Medical Anatomy

3 years

  • B.Sc Zoology, Botany, Bio – Science or Biology, B.S.M.S, B.U.M.S, B.A.M.S, B.H.M.S, B.D.S, BPT
M.Sc. Medical Physiology

3 years

  • BSMS / BDS/ BPT/BOT / B.Sc Zoology / Physics / Botany / B.Sc Natural Science and etc.
M.Sc. Medical Biochemistry

3 years

  • B.Sc Biochemistry, B.Sc MLT &B.Sc Chemistry as major or ancillary (Not less than II Class)
M.Sc. Medical Microbiology

3 years

  • B.Sc. Zoology, Microbiology, Chemistry, Medical Laboratory Technology, Biotechnology, Life Sciences & BDS (not less than II class)
M.Sc Medical Sociology

2 years

  • Bachelor degree in Medicine, Dentistry, Occupational Therapy, AYUSH, Social Sciences (Sociology, Psychology, Anthropology, Social work, Medical Sociology, Administrative and Management Science)
M.Sc Biostatistics & Epidemiology

2 years
(Six-month Internship in 4th Semester)

  • Graduates in Arts, Science with a minimum of 55% aggregate are eligible to apply.
  • Students should have passed Mathematics in Higher Secondary
  • Selection based on Entrance Exam followed by an interview and other formalities

M.Sc. Nursing

Community Health Nursing; Obstetrics & Gynaecology Nursing; Medical-Surgical Nursing; Psychiatric Nursing; Paediatric Nursing

2 years

  • B.Sc. Nursing with minimum 55% aggregate marks and 1-year experience.
  • Should have registered in the state council of nursing.

 

MPT (Master of Physiotherapy)

Biomechanics; Cardio Pulmonary Sciences; Community Rehabilitation; Hand Rehabilitation; Neurology; Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Orthopaedics; Paediatrics; Sports Physiotherapy

2 years

  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Master of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology(MASLP) 

2 years

  • BASLP/ B.Sc (Sp& Hg)/ B.Sc (HLS) degree or equivalent with 50% in aggregate.

MOT (Master of Occupational Therapy)

Cardiorespiratory conditions; Hand Rehabilitation; Neuroscience; Orthopaedics; Paediatrics; Mental Health

2 years

  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy

Masters of Pharmacy (M.Pharm)

Pharmaceutics; Pharmaceutical Analysis; Pharmaceutical Biotechnology; Pharmaceutical Chemistry; Pharmacology; Pharmacy Practice; Pharmacognosy; Quality Assurance; Regulatory Affairs

2 years

  • Bachelor of Pharmacy
Pharm.D

5 years +
1-year internship

  • 10+2 from a recognized board with physics, chemistry and biology with 55% average marks.
  • Candidates who have done Diploma courses from either of the institutes recognized by the PCI (Pharmacy Council of India) can also apply for this programme.
Pharm D. Post Baccalaureate

3 years

  • Bachelor of Pharmacy
M.B.A. Pharma

2 years

  • Bachelor’s degree in any relevant discipline from a recognized college or university.
  • Aggregate of minimum 50% marks in graduation is required to be eligible for this course.
Masters in Public Health Specialisations:
(i) Health Management,
(ii) BioStatistics

2 Years
(Sixmonth Internship in 4th Semester)

  • A bachelor’s degree programmes in medical science or related field (BPT, BDS, MBBS).
  • Selection process based on Entrance Exam followed by an interview and other academic formalities.
MPhil Clinical Psychology 

2 years

  • M.A / M.Sc Counselling Psychology/ Clinical Psychology/ Applied Psychology
M.Phil Psychiatric Social Work

2 years

  • M.A/MSW degree with 55% marks. For SC/ST/OBC category 50% mark as per the rules of GOI.
Master of Hospital Administration (M.H.A) 

2 years

  • Any Degree for recognized University from India / abroad 10 + 2+ 3 pattern or equivalent
Fellowship Emergency Medicine

2 years

  • MBBS from the college registered under MCI

Super Specialty Programmes:

DM

Cardiology; Neurology; Nephrology

3 years

  • MD – General Medicine / MD – Paediatrics

M.Ch

Neuro – Surgery; Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

3 years

  • MS – General Surgery

M.Ch – Urology

3 years

  • MS – General Surgery / MD (or) MS Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Diploma Programmes:

Diploma in Emergency Medical Technology & Trauma Care

2 years

  • 10+2 science or equivalent qualification from a recognized board or University with 40% marks in each subject separately including English

Diploma in Nursing

3.5 years

  • 10+2 or equivalent preferably science (PCB & English) with aggregate of 45% marks

Diploma in Optometry

2 years

  • 10+2 or equivalent qualification with 50% aggregate marks in any two subjects – Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics

Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology

2 years

  • 10+2 or equivalent qualification with 50% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology

Diploma in Medical Record Science

2 years

  • 10+2 passed from a recognized Board Examination with Physics, Chemistry Biology and English with 50% marks.
  • Age 17 years and must be less than 25 years

Diploma in GI Endoscopy Technology

1 year

  • 10+2 or equivalent qualification with science subjects (biology) with a minimum of 50%

Post Graduate Diploma Programmes:

Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Research

1 year

  • Graduation with at least 45-50%

Post Graduate Diploma in Hospital Administration

1 year

  • Bachelor’s Degree in any Faculty of any Statutory University
  • General Nursing & Midwifery (GNM) – 3.5 years course after HSC conducted by Nursing Council of any state with one year experience after passing GNM course

Post Graduate Diploma in Medical Microbiology Technology

1 year +
6 months internship

  • Bachelor degree in Microbiology (B.Sc Microbiology) and Lab Technology (B.Sc MLT)

Post Graduate Diploma in Medical Record Science (PGDMRS)

2 years

  • Any degree for recognized University from India / abroad 10+2+3 pattern or equivalent

Certificate Programmes:

Ophthalmic Technology

1 year

  • 10+2 or equivalent qualification with 50% aggregate marks in any two subjects in – Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics

Blood Bank Technology

6 months

  • B.Sc. Nursing, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Nutrition, MLT

Medical Office Management

6 months

  • 10+2 or equivalent qualification with 50% aggregate marks in any two subjects – Physics, Chemistry, Biology or equivalent science group subjects

Health Inspector

1 year

  • Higher Secondary Examination with Science subjects
  • Preference will be given to those working in local bodies, hospitals or NGO

 Important Medical Entrance Exams

The students must clear the below-mentioned entrance exams universities to get admission to these courses:

Jamia Milia Islamia Entrance Exam Tata Institute of Social Sciences National Entrance Test JIPMER MBBS
Karnataka Common Entrance Test Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test TS ECET
West Bengal Joint Entrance Exam Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive ExaminationTS EAMCET
NIPER Joint Entrance ExaminationAIIMS MBBS BITSAT
Gujarat Common Entrance TestNEET UGKIITEE
Uttar Pradesh State Entrance ExaminationNEET PGAP EAMCET

Jobs and Career Opportunities in Medical & Health Science

As we have seen above, there are varied medical courses available for students seeking a career in the medical and health science stream. Hence, the job opportunities after doing these courses are also wide-ranging.

Generally, we are aware of the most common career options such as doctor, surgeon, or nurse after acquiring a degree in medical science but there are many other options available in the medical and health science industry which you can choose on the basis, of course, you have completed.

Here’s a list of the few career options in the field of medicine:

Medical ResearcherPhysiotherapistDental hygienist
General SurgeonPsychiatristAnesthesia technician
PhysiotherapistMedical Lab TechnologistBiomedical equipment technician
Registered NurseAnaesthesiologistRadiation therapist
Nutritionist/ DieticianMedical OfficerVeterinary technician

Conclusion

To be successful in this profession, you need to be ethical and honest in all deeds related to patient care, teaching/training, and research areas.

Endless opportunities are existing in this field with varied specialization courses. As a medical practitioner, you can either set up your own clinic/healthcare unit or work in various reputed healthcare, medical and pharmaceutical organizations. For a hardworking and knowledgeable professional, there is no limit to earn a decent livelihood and a good reputation.

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